Why India Has Become the Premiere IT Outsourcing Destination of the World?

Why India Has Become the Premiere IT Outsourcing Destination of the World?

Quick Summary: In recent years, India has risen as the preeminent global IT outsourcing destination, attracting businesses worldwide. This phenomenon is attributed to India's skilled workforce, cost-effectiveness, and robust technological infrastructure. This article delves into the factors that have propelled India to this coveted position and examines its impact on the global IT industry.

Today, the IT industry forms the bedrock of modern business operations. Its evolution and impact are felt in every corner of the globe, driving a constant demand for innovative solutions. This is also why the global information technology market surged from $8179.48 billion to $8852.41 billion between 2022 to 2023, marking a staggering compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.2%. Amidst this escalating demand and expansion, one nation has emerged as a crucial contributor - India.

With a combination of numerous strategic benefits related to workforce and infrastructure, India has solidified its position as the ultimate destination for IT outsourcing. Businesses across the globe are entrusting their crucial IT projects to the expertise that India offers. But this gives rise to the question - Why India? Therefore, to gain in-depth knowledge on the same, read the article below. It will delve deeper into the reasons that make India the ideal choice for outsourcing IT services.

Key Takeaways
  • Businesses benefit from India's cost-effective solutions without compromising on quality.
  • India's established industry reputation adds credibility to its position as a premier outsourcing destination.
  • Strategic time zone advantage facilitates round-the-clock work cycles, enhancing project efficiency.
  • Outsourcing to India enables companies to tap into innovation, expertise, and global collaboration for unparalleled success.

India Outsourcing Statistics to Consider

India has the largest pool of talented people, and it is what drives the business to the country.

Here are the numbers that will certify prove that India is the best outsourcing destination in the world:

  • India’s IT outsourcing market was valued at $585.57 billion in 2023. It is further estimated to reach $701.88 billion by 2028, growing at a CAGR of 3.69%.
  • When compared to industrialized countries, outsourcing in India is far less expensive. In India, developers can be found on average hourly rates around $20 to $35.
  • Approximately four-fifths of the world's 500 largest corporations currently outsource some work to India, where 1 million English speakers and 1.5 million university graduates join its low-cost workforce each year.
  • Foreign corporations may often save between 40 and 50 percent by outsourcing to India.
  • In 2023, foreign corporations are estimated to spend $7.3 billion in India on back-office and BPO services, with local firms spending an extra $600 million.
  • Recent studies show 80% of US and European outsourcing firms believe India is the best outsourcing destination.

These reasons are quite strong enough to make you start outsourcing IT services to India.

Related Read: In-House vs Outsourcing: Pros, Cons and Use Cases

Reasons to Outsource to India

Reasons to Outsource to India

As businesses have expanded globally, outsourcing relationships have undergone a sweeping change.

Although cost remains a crucial consideration, another important aspect is the increased focus on value-add and product quality. 

Following are the reasons why innumerable companies outsource their projects to India:

a) Growth of the IT Industry

India has built a strong reputation as a global IT outsourcing hub.  You would be surprised to know that in 2023 the revenue of this industry in India is expected to reach $22.4 billion. The country's IT industry has been evolving for decades. This has resulted in a mature ecosystem of software development companies, technology parks, and specialized training institutes. This ecosystem provides a supportive environment for outsourcing, with well-established processes, methodologies, and infrastructure. Additionally, India's track record of successful IT projects for global clients enhances its credibility.

b) Skilled Workforce

India has a vast pool of highly skilled and well-educated IT professionals. The country produces 1.5 million engineering and computer science graduates every year. This contributes to a talent pool that is continuously growing. Many Indian professionals are also fluent in English, making communication and collaboration with international clients smoother. This skilled workforce allows companies to find the expertise they need for various IT projects. Moreover, it is the reason why The Kearney Global Location Services Index 2023 ranked India as the top outsourcing destination.

Offshore Software Development - CTA

c) Time Zone Advantage

India's time zone difference is advantageous for companies outsourcing IT projects from regions like North America and Europe. The time zone difference of approximately 9-12 hours allows for a round-the-clock work cycle. While a client's daytime hours end, the Indian offshore teams can continue working, leading to quicker project turnaround times. This aligns well with agile development practices and tight project schedules.

d) Cost Efficiency

India's cost advantage remains one of the most prominent reasons why companies opt to outsource their projects to the country. The labor cost in India is significantly lower than in many Western countries like the UK, the USA, and Canada. This cost differential allows companies to achieve substantial savings on operational expenses without compromising on quality. Moreover, according to a survey by Deloitte, companies can save up to 60% on costs by outsourcing to India compared to their in-house operations. Thus, it is recommended to hire dedicated developers. They offer not only flexibility but also capital expenditure reduction on infrastructure and maintenance by a considerable margin.  

Recommended Read: Cost-Benefit Analysis of Outsourcing: India vs USA

Outsourcing Cost Calculator

e) Massive Support from the Indian Government

India's government has actively encouraged the growth of the outsourcing industry. They have implemented policies that promote foreign investments and ease of doing business. Special economic zones (SEZs) have been established to provide a conducive environment for outsourcing companies, offering tax incentives and streamlined regulatory procedures. This supportive framework has attracted numerous multinational companies to establish their presence in India, making India the ideal IT outsourcing destination in the world.

Indian Legal Provisions that Redefine the Outsourcing Dynamics

Indian Legal Provisions that Redefine the Outsourcing Dynamics

Outsourcing has become a transformative force in the modern business landscape. It's not just a cost-saving measure but a strategic trick that empowers companies to tap into specialized expertise, accelerate growth, and enhance operational agility. Some of the compelling Indian legal provisions businesses making the country ideal for outsourcing are:

a) Information Technology Act 2000 (IT Act)

The Informational and Technology Act is an important piece of legislation for outsourcing firms. It is relevant for e-commerce entities that deal with online transactions, data protection, cybercrime, electronic communication, and storage information. The implications under this Information and Technology Act are significant considerations when drafting an outsourcing contract in India. The cross-border transfer of sensitive data is a major concern. So, it is subjected to the rules and regulations framed under the IT Act, prescribing certain security standards that parties should follow. 

b) Legal or Regulatory Restrictions on Data Processing 

In the absence of a specific law regarding data processing and security, the provision related to data protection is governed under the IT Act.

This IT Act defines “reasonable security practice and procedures” in order to protect information from unauthorized access, damage, and modification.

The Information Technology Rules 2011 (SPDI) is framed under the IT Act and gives an exemplary standard of reasonable security practice.

This includes the provision of privacy and data policies to be followed by corporate entities. Sensitive personal data and information are clearly defined in the SPDI Rules.

This includes information related to passwords, bank account details, credit/debit card numbers, etc. 

When it comes to handling personal information, the IT Act and SPDI Rules have strict regulations for the collection, storage, usage, purpose of storage, and disclosure to third parties.

The disclosure of data to third parties required a clear understanding and explicit consent of the information provider. 

c) Regulatory and Legal Environment: Indian Contract Act, 1872

This act is applicable to any contractual arrangement that is part of the Indian party or Indian and foreign company.

This act provides elements of a valid contract and remedies if there is any breach in terms of the contract.

As the governing law, the companies have to agree on the terms and conditions related to the consideration, warranties, indemnities, and other relevant clauses.

What IT Services are Outsourced to India?

There is a long list of services that IT companies outsource to India nowadays. Whether it is web development, mobile app development, or quality assurance, India is one of the best countries to choose for all your outsourcing services.  However, the diverse pool of talent is attracting different companies from various ends of the globe to avail of the It services from India. The range of IT services is vast, and companies can outsource a number of services in the domains.

Here are some of the most popular outsourcing services in India:

a) Web Development Services 

Web development stands as a cornerstone of India's outsourcing industry. With a large pool of skilled developers and cost-effective solutions, the country has become a global hub for web development services. A NASSCOM report reveals that India's IT and BPM industry generates $90 billion through outsourcing annually. This trend is fueled by the country's expertise in a wide range of technologies, allowing you to hire:

  • Hire Flutter developers
  • Collaborate with Java developers
  • Hire React Native developers

Indian firms offer not just cost savings but also top-tier quality and adherence to project timelines. This further makes them a preferred choice for companies worldwide.

b) Mobile Application Development Services

 Outsourcing mobile app development to India is a strategic move embraced by many. India's thriving IT industry offers a comprehensive range of skilled app developers, creating apps that rank globally. This is also why the "Indian Economic Times" report stated that India's app development market is projected to touch $792 billion by 2030. 

Indian developers are known to craft apps that meet international standards with cost advantages and diverse expertise across platforms (iOS, Android, etc.). Their capability to deliver user-friendly, feature-rich apps within timelines has established India as a preferred outsourcing destination for mobile application development.

c) Enterprise Solutions 

 Outsourcing enterprise solutions from India offer a valuable resource for businesses. The country has emerged as a preferred destination for enterprise solutions considering its robust talent pool and cost-effective services. The NASSCOM Strategic Review 4.0 highlights India as the best option for global technology outsourcing, including enterprise solutions. 

Indian firms provide comprehensive solutions for ERP, CRM, and other business needs. These solutions align with international standards and leverage the country's skilled workforce. Moreover, outsourcing to India allows companies to focus more on their core business, increasing profits.

d) Product Development

Outsourcing product development to India has become a strategic choice for companies seeking innovation and efficiency. India's dynamic tech industry offers a wealth of skilled professionals, enabling a creative environment for product ideation and realization. 

With competitive costs and streamlined processes, Indian firms excel in turning ideas into market-ready products. This trend is reflected in the Global Sourcing Study by Deloitte, highlighting India's prominence in product development outsourcing. Moreover, collaborating with Indian teams allows businesses to tap into diverse expertise, accelerate time-to-market, and effectively navigate the complexities of product lifecycle management.

e) Digital Marketing Solutions

India's burgeoning tech-savvy workforce and cost-effective services have positioned it as a hub for digital marketing expertise. The country is proficient in

  • Search Engine Optimization
  • Social Media 
  • Content Creation
  • Data Analytics 

Furthermore, collaborating with Indian firms grants access to increased online visibility and data-driven insights. Thus, India's role in providing effective and results-oriented digital marketing solutions in this ever-evolving remains crucial.

How to Find the Best Outsourcing Company in India?

IT Outsourcing Services

When India has so many outsourcing companies, how will you recognize which is the best outsourcing company in India?  

Finding the right outsourcing partner is the key to outsourcing successfully. It further determines how fruitful the venture would be.

There are a few simple questions to ask to know which offshore company you have to collaborate with.

  • What kind of services do you offer?
  • What pricing engagement models do you have?
  • Do you follow quality standards?
  • Are you comfortable in signing a non-disclosure agreement?
  • How can I interview your developers?
  • What will be the team size of the development team?
  • Have you worked in the same niche before?
  • Do you offer after-service support as well?
  •  Can I have a look at your portfolio and get a few references?
  • Do you also help in setting up an offshore development centre with dedicated developers? 

After you are done asking all these questions, you can ascertain the best IT offshore company in India.

Hire developers from a company that completely understands your business objectives and requirements and has relevant experience.

Make sure you take time to interview and assess their skills before you hire them. 

Wrapping Up

People are concerned about outsourcing as a result of the epidemic. It altered how people thought about outsourcing and how they hired individuals to do it. Following the epidemic, IT outsourcing was completely disrupted. However, as most organizations scale and accelerate their digital transformation activities, Indian IT companies are earning new business. As a result, the Indian IT outsourcing sector is expected to grow in revenue.

If you’re looking to outsource your IT operations, India is a great place to start. Your Team In India is a major IT firm. It has been providing customer-focused development services as well as standardized services to meet the demands of all customers.

Whether you plan to cut costs, include in-trend technologies, or focus on enhancing your business, outsource to India. 

Take the best decision to outsource to Indian companies and witness remarkable growth in business productivity.

This can further help in gaining a competitive edge over your competitors while positioning your business at the top in the industry.

Hire Software developer

Manik Sharma

Manik Sharma

Dynamic and results-oriented business head at Signity Solutions with a proven track record of driving growth and profitability. Strategic thinker, adept at leading teams, developing new opportunities, and delivering exceptional business outcomes.