Java Still on Top? - Insights on the Programming World in 2020

Java Still on Top? – Insights on the Programming World

Do you know what is common between LinkedIn, Amazon, Facebook, eBay and Techmagazines.net? All of them are built-in Java programming language.

There are not many programming languages that have the ability to brag and stay popular for more than 20 years. But Java is one of them.

It has been voted as the 5th most popular technology in the Stack Overflow Survey and JavaScript topping the list. And it ranks 18th as the most loved language in the same survey. 

Java applications are not restricted to web and mobile development but it also has left a significant impression on Big Data and Artificial Intelligence.

Well, today let’s unravel the ultimate success of Java as it is the time-honored technology having a steaming coffee cup logo.

Do You Know?

  • 97% of enterprise desktops run Java.
  • 89% of systems run Java.
  • Java is one of the top choices for developers.
  • 1 billion computers and 3 billion mobile phones run Java.
  • 100% of Blu-ray Disc Players Ship with Java.
  • Presently there are 5 billion Java Cards in use.
  • Java programming language runs on 125 million TV devices.
  • 5 of the Top 5 Original Equipment Manufacturers Ship Java ME.

The History & Impact of Java

Java’s history is quite interesting. 

Do you know who developed the Java programming language? Specifically, what company developed java programming language?

The development of Java began in the early 1990s when Sun Microsystem started creating a better version of C++ that is portable, user-friendly, having automated memory management.

Initially, the team developed a language for digital devices like set-up boxes, TV, etc. But the idea was rejected for various reasons. 

The inventor of Java programming language, James Gosling started working on Java as a project termed “Oak” in June 1991.

The programming language was designed to implement a virtual machine that is simpler than C & C++. 

Why Oak?

The project named Oak was because of the Oaktree that was outside their office. 

The research developed a new language “Java”. 

The Name Java 

Gosling and his team did a brainstorm session. After coming up with various names like DNA, Silk, Ruby & Java, etc. they went for a coffee break near the office. 

The name Java was finally decided after much discussion as it was very unique. The term originates from an espresso bean, Java.

Java is an open-source, general-purpose programming language that follows the object-oriented programming paradigm.

Having a ‘Write Once Run Anywhere’ approach, Java can be used for desktop, mobile, web and enterprise applications.

Java Development Tools 

Java is not just a platform but an ecosystem of tools having almost everything that developers may require for development. This further includes:

1) Java Development Kit

With the help of the JDK and standard Notebook app, you can write and run/compile Java code. 

2) Java Runtime Environment

It is basically a software distribution tool having a standalone Java Virtual Machine, the Java standard library, and configuration tool. 

3) IDE

The Integrated Development Environment Tool helps to run, edit and compile the code. Intellij IDEA, Eclipse, and NetBeans are popular ones. 

Java is everywhere. It is a primary language for Android development. Java is in web applications, government websites and big data technology like Hadoop and Apache Storm.

Even during the pre-smartphone days, the small games in the early 2000s were developed in Java. Thanks to its features, Java has still managed to maintain its reputation today.

Reasons for Popularity and Domination of Java

Do you know Java has earned a place in the Programming Hall of Fame and TIOBE Index? Yes. 

The direct answer to the reason for Java’s popularity lies primarily with exhaustive testing, updating, and consistency offered by the programming language.

The language has been tested, refined, extended and then proven itself in the IT industry.

Java is designed to enable the development of portable, high-performance apps for a broad spectrum of computing platforms possible, therefore enabling cross-platform interaction. 

Sun Microsystems’ chief Scott McNealy clearly says that Java is a way bigger name than Sun itself. And he is absolutely right. When Time Magazine considered Java as one of the Ten Best Products of 1995, a new marketing legend was born.

a) Practicality

According to James Gosling, Java programming language is a “blue-collar” platform.

The aim to develop such language is to get the job done in a hassle-free manner.

Developers can write unreadable codes in Java-like they do in any other language but with good coding conventions as this one is more readable comparatively. 

b) Written Once Works Everywhere

Are you planning to develop an application for Windows, Linus or MacOS?

If so, there is no need to hire three different developers and delay the project for months.

Hire a Java developer who will provide a comprehensive solution.

When programs are written in Java language, they are saved as separate files. Plus, they will have an extension .java.

Further, when the Javac compiler is run, the human-readable code turns into bytecode becoming machine-readable. Then another file appears having an extension.class.

And finally, JVM executes the bytecode.

c) Microchips embedded Java Software

Java beautifully succeeded in the mobile application market as it gave immensely loved apps and games to the users. Android is completely built-in Java.

As per AndroidPub Study, Android devices are sold more when compared to iOS designed devices. 

d) JVM offers Powerful Traffic Opportunities

Java Virtual Machine has the ability to manage a huge amount of traffic. Many websites having high traffic use this ability.

Java Virtual Machine was built as well as optimized for type-safe code with static context. The Java developer you hire write code and then deploy an app on a powerful server. 

Java’s modern competitor is Ruby. Ruby has a comparatively clearer syntax that is quite similar to the English language.

Whenever a Ruby developer requires high efficiency, they have to go back to JRuby that eventually runs on JVM. 

e) Java Supports Legacy Platforms

Do you know what a legacy platform is? WhatIs explains” A legacy platform is a legacy operating system that is not in widespread use or has been supplanted by the updated version. 

There are millions of Java programming language downloads as it has incredible apps.

However, java continues to evolve via different versions and it still supports the same old enterprise application built with an earlier version of the language.

As per GeeksForGeeks, 95% of enterprise apps use Java as their fundamental language. This is one of the reasons why Java is a popular choice when it comes to application development. 

f) Supports Common Programming Paradigm

As the syntax rule of Java is based on the syntax of C & C++, the language is class-based, concurrent and object-oriented.

Features like inheritance, polymorphism, abstraction, and encapsulation are supported by Java. And this is because of Java libraries in order to implement object-oriented design principles effectively. 

g) Google Recommendation

It is a fact that no mobile app developer can ignore Android as it is the operating system having the largest installation base.

The programmers can code the apps in C, C++ or Java. But Google suggests the developers create the app in Java.

The application’s performance and compatibility can further be boosted when developed in Java. Various tools are also used to write Android apps in Java in a shorter time span. 

h) Java is of 21st Century’s Cobol

Cobol was developed in 1959 but it is still popular in banks and insurance companies. 

Java was not only popular in the 1990s when it was developed but it still is. And many claim that it will be widely used even in 2050. 

i) Easy to Understand and Troubleshoot Code

Java has grown tremendously because of being an object-oriented programming language.

Basically, the object-oriented programming language makes the development simpler. This is done by breaking the execution down to small, easy-to-process chunks. 

There are many complex coding issues associated with C, C++ and other languages that are very difficult to encounter while programming in Java. ‘

Plus, this language provides great modularity and easy to understand the pragmatic approach to the Java developers. 

j) Java Independence with JRE

Java Runtime Environment or JRE is why the language runs consistently across multiple platforms.

What a developer has to do is to install JRE to a computer and all the Java programs are good to run.

Besides running smoothly on Mac, Linux, Windows, etc. Java Runtime Environment is also mobile compatible. ‘

This is the kind of flexibility and independence that every programmer requires from a coding language and Java gives it all. 

k) Developer’s Favourite

Developers claim that Java language is not only easy to learn but also easy to use, write, compile and debug.

It allows them to develop reusable code as well as modular programs. Besides this, it has great libraries and the largest community of developers that share knowledge. 

l) Reusability factor

All hate duplication and overlapping of the roles and Java is no exception.

There is a feature termed as Java objects that give the Java programmer the ability to reuse common codes wherever applicable.

In order to focus on the development of uncommon attributes, all the common attributes between two objects within a class are shared. This type of inheritance makes coding simple, fast and cost-effective. 

m) Uniqueness & Freshness

This is something very unique. 

Over the years, there has been a significant upswing in Java’s popularity. JDK 8 made a huge impression for Java developers because of Lambda expression and API streams.

The developers started doing things in a functional way without learning a completely new language like Scala.

All these features make it simpler to take multicore/multiprocessor machines advantage without writing error-prone multi-threaded code. 

With Jigsaw delivery in JDK9, the modularity factor made a big enterprise app easier to build. Then Java 10, 11, 12 and now 13 came with more performance, stability and security improvements. 

 n) Java Versatility

Java’s Application Program Interface provides the developers with plenty of classes and approximately 50 keywords to work with.

Java platform also gives an opportunity to use coding methods running from tens to thousands. This makes Java versatile and accommodative to multiple coding ideas a programmer can have.

When a developer starts working with the utility function of Java, everything else is learned. 

If a huge company uses a network of computers, the biggest challenge is to sync all the computers so that the program has a seamless run.

With the help of Java’s PATH and CLASSPATH, there is no need to worry about the distribution of programs across various platforms. 

o) Adaptable, Strong & Stable

As Java is desktop and mobile compatible, this language dialects are universally adaptable. What’s more? It perfectly runs on different devices like Raspberry Pi. 

The best thing is, Java helps in creating small projects and huge enterprise apps. This clearly depicts how the codes are strong and stable.

Also, there are no limitations with Java and anyone can create translation software with it.

For optimum results, it is better to hire the best Java developers from a good offshore development company.

Java topped the list being the best programming platform from 2000 to 2018. Although Python leads right now but this didn’t impact Java’s popularity.

With a 21.42% share, the language is still in high demand. Some other reasons making Java popular are portability, security, and dynamism. 

Regardless of the fact that innumerable programming languages have emerged, Java still ranks no1 in the Annual JAXenter Survey but Python and Swift and not even among the top 5.

p) Java is Forever

Java has managed to get a comfortable lead over other programming languages even in 2020 and for all the good reasons.

Java outshines in scaling, deploying and programming environments. The most versatile language has amazing server-side applications on app and web platforms.

Do you know what makes strides towards modernity? It is Java’s new release every 6 months that makes the language more responsive towards the community needs. Undoubtedly, the latest releases help Java move ahead. 

What is unique about Java is the incredible balance it maintains between innovation and flexibility.

Although nothing much is going to change in terms of fundamental Java technologies in the upcoming years, it is for sure that this amazing programming language will keep evolving and flourishing like it has been doing before.

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