Which platform or technology stack should I choose for mobile app development? It is the most common query among entrepreneurs that are planning to get their business online.
To address this query, it’s important to understand the meaning of the technology stack and which tech stack can help you fulfill your business requirements.
What is Technology Stack?
Technology stack basically means a platform, programming languages, interface designing tools, database and testing frameworks that are required to develop an app.
The technology application stack directly influences the frontend and backend development. The major components that create a technology stack are:
- Frontend: A medium that allows interaction between the app and the user.
- Backend: The interface that takes the user information, processes and then gives optimum results.
- Development platform: It combines the libraries & interfaces to develop the mobile app.
You may have now got an idea about the technology stack. To begin with, let’s dive into its importance and explore the commonly used options:
Native App Development:
Whether you are a start-up or a well-established enterprise, native apps are utilized by both. Mobile app technology is inclined towards security and responsiveness, native apps are one of the most important assets to become productive online.
Native apps offer great device compatibility, seamless user experience, and high security. Moreover, Native platforms integrate the device in-built functionalities in the app without relying on external API.
When we talk about native apps, the two names that pop up in our mind are iOS and Android apps. Both the platforms are very different from one another, so let’s explore them separately one by one.
1. iOS App Technology Stack:
If you are planning for an iPhone app development, consider the following technology stack:
- Objective C & Swift: For building an iOS app, the most popular mobile app framework is Objective C or Swift. Objective C is a general-purpose object-oriented programming language that supersets C language. It was popular before the launch of Swift. Today, Swift has taken over as it is a general purpose multi-paradigm compiled programming language created by Apple.
2. Android Technology Stack:
If you are planning for Android app development, here are the development technologies to consider:
- Java & Kotlin: Java is a programming language that is most dominantly used. Being an open source language, it offers developers rich libraries and development tools. Giants like Google & Yahoo keep working to enhance this programming language. On the other hand, Kotlin has become a more stable option for Android studio. There are a few limitations with Java that impede the API design. Kotlin is undoubtedly improving existing Java models. In fact, this excellent and inter-operable language is used in a Java project where you need less coding.
- Android Studio Toolset: Android studio offers code editing, debugging, performance tools, and instantly deploy the system. Besides offering Android specific coding support, ADT makes the developer use different on-device debugging tools, UI builder, and scriptable automation support.
Hybrid App Tech Stack:
Cross-Platform App Tech Stack:
A cross-platform developer uses a single code base, so you can develop the applications for different platforms – Android, iOS, Windows and the web.
Businesses prefer cross-platform mobile app development as the business benefit revolve around vast demographic coverage and less development cost. You can develop the cross-platform applications in Flutter, React Native and Xamarin.
Recommended Read: A Roadmap to Mobile App Development
Which Tech Stack will be the Best Fit for your Application?
Now, when you have got an overview of the types of development platforms, it is time for you to explore what factors to consider before choosing the tech stack:
- Type of the project
- Aim of the app
- Multiple platforms
Type of Project:
There are a lot of things to consider like the network conditions, user experience, time to market, and the preferred platform. These parameters will help you in deciding the mobile app framework, library languages required for the development of the mobile app.
Aim of the App:
If you are validating your product idea, then it is advisable to engage your customers and have a powerful impression on them. Furthermore, you have to think if you are planning to build a high latency app or a responsive app. If the app will depend on heavy load processing that works around the streamlined interaction.
There are many languages and framework that offer similar results. With the introduction of the tech stack you have decided to choose, your team gets comfortable and will expedite the process while improving the quality of work.
Every mobile app technology has to combat bugs and related vulnerabilities. No matter which technology you choose, intruders will always keep looking for different ways to hack. So, your team should know how to incorporate security using your chosen tech stack.
Recommended Read: Are your Android and iOS Apps Safe?
The best app tech stack is the one that will help you generate maximum ROI for your business. Still, to get the best out of your application, look out for the compatibility of tools, APIs, etc. with your tech stack.
Among plenty of technologies, you should choose the one that best aligns with your requirements and vision. In short, the success of your application depends upon which technology stack you are going to use.
We believe that this post might have helped you make your decision. If you are ready to go, it’s time to hire mobile app developers & kick start your project.
And if you are still not clear what technology to use, drop your requirements at firstname.lastname@example.org & we will help you decide what’s best for your business.